Nitra Region and its metropolis – the ancient city of Nitra – have played a significant role over history in forming the Slovak national identity and Slovakia, its culture and education.
The Region’s relief topography predominately consists of plains and lowlands broken by mountainous areas. It is one of the warmest and agriculturally most productive centers in the Slovak Republic. The Tríbeč Mountains stretch along the north of the Region, while the northeast is bordered by the Štiavnický Ridge and part of the Pohronský Inovec. The high-quality farmland of the Danube Lowland (Podunajská nížina) constitutes the largest part of the southern and southeastern part of the Region. This area includes Rye Island (Žitný ostrov), the largest river island in Europe, comprising the land between the main channel of the Danube River and the Little Danube (Malý Dunaj) tributary and richly endowed with an underground water supply.
The Region, especially the area to the south, has a wealth of fresh water and thermal springs and several rivers flow through them, including the longest river in Slovakia, the Váh, as well as the Danube, Nitra, Hron, Ipeľ and Žitava.
Nitra Region’s neighbors are Trnava Region to the west, Trenčín Region to the north and Banská Bystrica Region to the east.
Nitra Region has an area of 6 343 km², representing 12.9% of the area of the Slovak Republic. 350 municipalities are located within the Region, of which 15 have city charters. Approximately 48.5% of the population lives in the Region’s cities. In accordance with the territorial and legal realignment stipulated in Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No. 221/1996 Coll., the Region is subdivided into seven districts: Komárno, Levice, Nové Zámky, Šaľa, Nitra, Topoľčany and Zlaté Moravce.